Salomon and Madaleine Chapelle:
In Search of Religious Freedom
 

 
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Charles Salomon Chapelle and Madaleine Simon were married most likely about 1723-1724.  The Durrmenz church records begin in 1724, with baptisms from Durrmenz and Schönenberg .  The church book was maintained in French, as can be seen from the entries below for the three children of Charles Salomon Chapelle. 

  The 25th November, 1725, God has given a son to C. Salomon Chapelle and his wife Madeleine, nee Simon, who has been brought to baptism the 28th of this month by Jeremie Maneval and his wife Madeleine nee Arnaud.  Monsieur Moutoux our minister has baptized him, and his name is Jeremie.  
     

  The 3rd October, 1727, God has given a child to Charles Salomon Chapelle and his wife Madeleine, nee Simon, who has been brought to baptism the 5th of this month by Monsieur the councilor and grand-bailiff Burkhand[?] Seubert and Madame his wife nee Fisher.  Baptized by Monsieur Moutoux our minister.  His name is Eberhard.  

This child, Eberhard, is thought to have died at a young age.

 

  The 22nd August, 1732, God has given a child to Salomon Chapelle and Madeleine, his wife, nee Simon, who has been brought to baptism the 24th of this month by Monsieur Eberhart Maximilien Seubert, Counselor, assessor and grand-bailiff at Maulbronn, and Madame Louise, his wife, nee Fischer.  He has been baptized by Monsieur Montoux our minister.  His name is Eberhart.  
     

The three sons (Jeremie, Eberhart, and the second Eberhart) of Salomon and Madeleine were apparently their only children, since no other baptisms were recorded at this church.  The two surviving sons, Jeremie and Eberhart would later carry a German form of the Chapelle name, Schappell, to Pennsylvania.  

In the meantime, Salomon's son Jeremie married Catherine Rouchon about 1742, and in 1744, had a son named Jaques [Jacob].  There is reported to be an entry for a young Waldenser couple in the Schönenberg inventory records, Jeremia Chappelle and wife Catherine Rochon from Pinache.  Catherine was represented at the setting up of the inventory in March 1742 by Estienne Thiers, because at that time, women were not considered capable of business transactions.  The reason for the inventory was not clear, perhaps to establish a fee or tax to be able to leave the kingdom, or something related to the marriage.  Jeremia had about one and one quarter acres of land, including two quarter acres of vineyard, which he may have inherited from his grandfather Anthoine Simon [I do not have the original records to study; based on a transcribed translation by Ray Dieffenbach for Phyllis Schappell].  The family owned neither house or cattle.  Mr. Dieffenbach apparently noted after reviewing the selection of clothing that in all simplicity and poverty the Waldenser women knew how to dress, with bonnets, necker chief and breast cloths - real chic, real Eve's daughters.

Jeremie's wife Catherine apparently died soon after the birth of Jaques, since Jeremie then married Madeleine Rouchon, and they had a son Matieu [Mathew/Mathias] in 1746, followed by a daughter in 1749 (whose name is illegible in the church record) and Madeleine in January of 1752.

 

 

Continue to the "Emigration to Pennsylvania" page...

 

Source

(1)  Evangelische Kirche Dürrmenz (OA Maulbronn).  Waldensergemeinde Kirchenbuch, 1724-1811 [Waldenser congregation church book].  Microfilmed.  (Salt Lake City, Utah: The Genealogical Society of Utah, 1976).  Family History Library International Film 1184968.

(2)  Wollmershäuser, Friedrich [German genealogical researcher].  Excerpts of his report of findings to Phyllis Schappell, Hamburg, PA, dated 27 November 1977.

       
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